Take steps to avoid or delay diabetes | Special Sections

Just because diabetes may run in your family doesn’t mean you will develop this. There are steps you can take to avoid or delay its development.

You can reduce your risk for type 2 diabetes by eating a healthy diet, getting plenty of physical activity, and losing excess weight, according to NIH in Health.

Type 2 diabetes arises because of problems related to a hormone called insulin. When your body digests food, it’s broken down and converted to glucose and other molecules, which then travel through the bloodstream. Insulin signals cells to let glucose in for use as an energy source.

In a person with type 2 diabetes, either the body’s cells have trouble using insulin or the body isn’t producing enough insulin. As a result, glucose can build up to harmful levels in the blood. That’s why people with diabetes often have high blood glucose levels. These high levels raise your risk for heart disease, blindness, amputations, and other serious conditions.

According to the American Diabetes Association, common symptoms of diabetes are:

• Urinating often

• Feeling very thirsty

• Feeling very hungry – even though you are eating

• Extreme fatigue

• Blurry vision

• Cuts/bruises that are slow to heal

• Weight loss – even though you are eating more (type 1)

• Tingling, pain, or numbness in the hands/feet (type 2)

Some people with type 2 diabetes can have symptoms so mild they go unnoticed. Women with gestational diabetes often have no symptoms, which is why it’s important for at risk women to be tested at the proper time during pregnancy.

Individuals who are overweight, obese, or inactive are much likelier to develop type 2 diabetes. You can change these risk factors. Studies look at weight loss, even small amounts, as helping reduce risk.

Steps to prevent diabetes:

1. Move more. It doesn’t matter what activity you do, just get…

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